Western World / Europe (History of Wood Carving)

Mijak wood carvers school 800x445 1 728x375 - Western World / Europe (History of Wood Carving)

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Throughout the Middle Ages great works of art were made of wood, e.g. in cathedrals, abbeys and other places connected to the church. These works showed both craftsmanship and craftsmanship.

First eleven centuries of CE

Wood carvings from the first eleven centuries of the CE are slow, since wood easily decays in 1000 years. The carved panels of the main doors of St. Sabina on the Aventine Hill in Rome are very interesting future early Christian relief sculptures made of wood, which, as the clothes show, date from the 5th century. The doors are made from a large number of smaller square panels, each of which is meticulously carved with a scene from the Old or New Testament. A very beautiful fragment of Byzantine art (11th or 12th century) is preserved in a monastery on Mount Athos in Macedonia. It consists of two panels (one on top of the other) of a relief sculpture, which are topped by a semicircular arch of protruding foliage, that of closed trunks decorated with animals in spiral foliage. The capitals and bases are square, each face is decorated with a figure. It is a wonderfully beautiful work that was done in the best decorative spirit.

In the Scandinavian countries we find some very early works of governmental design, also Christian and non-Christian in nature, since “Baptism” in this part of the world last took place in the first millennium AD. There are beautiful chairs in the Christiania Museum. In the Copenhagen Museum there are plates from Iceland in the same style. The Christian wooden doors of Eel (1200 AD), Sauland, Flaa, Lötzinn and other Norwegian churches have dragons and intricate scrolls, a style that we still see in the 15th century door jambs in the Nordiska Museum Stockholm and in the Icelandic Work timely. In those early days, the sheet was not much developed in design. The Schnitzer War quickly done off the stick, a work style that has its counterpart to the Burmese work of the 17th century.

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