Ancient Egypt (History of Wood Carving)

1111 728x375 - Ancient Egypt (History of Wood Carving)


The extreme drought of the Egyptian climate recognizes the existence of a number of wood carvings from this distant period. Some wooden panels from the tomb of Hosul Egypt in Sakkarah belong to the III. Dynasty. The carving is made up of Egyptian hieroglyphs and bas-relief figures, and the style is delicate and subtle interests. A stool on one of the boards has legs that are lost like the front and rear legs of an animal, a shape that has been in Egypt for years.

A statue of a man from the Great Pyramid of Giza can be seen in the Cairo Museum. The expression of the face and realism of the carriage was moved by the ancient Egyptian sculptors of this or another time. The figure is carved from an opposing sycamore block and the arms are put together according to Egyptian custom. The eyes are affected by opaque white quartz pieces, which are of a bronze line, which frame the lid. A small slice of transparent rock crystal buy the iris, a small piece of polished ebony that is behind the crystal, it has a lifelike shine. The IV., V. and VI. Dynasties cover the most beautiful time of Egyptian sculpture. Statues found in the graves show freedom of information, die in times never seen. They are all portraits that the artist will render after strengthening problems, just like his model. Because these are not how important modern statues are simple works of art, also primarily a religious meaning (Maspero). Since the spirits of the deceased inhabit rights, these rights and proportions are copied exactly.

There are many Egyptian examples in the most important museums in Europe: mummy boxes of people with only carved faces, animal mummy boxes, last boxes, with the figure of a lizard, possibly carved lid in full mummy relief. The animal was carved in the round and its hollowed out body was used as the case itself.

There is still furniture from furniture, folding seats such as the modern stool and chairs with legs that end in the heads of animals or the people of animals. Beds of lion paws XI. and XII. Gebelein dynasties (now in the Cairo Museum), headrests, 6 or 8 inches high, contracts like a crutch on a foot in a carved outline. In the British Museum you can see a small little chest, 4 inches by 21/2 inches, with very delicate figures carved in bas relief. This small box stands on 3/4-inch cabriolet legs with claw feet, all in the character of Louis Quinze. There are incense ladles, the handle of which shows a bouquet of lotus flowers. The bowl is like the leaf of an aquatic plant with jagged edges belonging to Gurnah belong to the 18th century. Dynasty; Mirror handles that tower over a small pillar or lotus stem representation and one over a head by Hathor, the Egyptian Venus or by Bes, the god of the toilet; Pincushion in the form of a small round turtle with holes in the back for toilet pens, also made of wood with dog-headed rights (XIth Dynasty, Cairo Museum); and perfume box like a fish, with the two halves forming the bottom and the top of the perfume or pomatum, removed by small wooden spoons, one of which had a form of a cartridge that emerges from a full-blown lotus, and the other like the neck of a goose, a third that consists of a dog that keeps chasing a fish that belongs to the fish’s bowl. The list was confirmed, but enough was said to show the degree and refinement the art of wood carving had heard from years before the birth of Christ.

Little is known about the work of Assyria, Greece and Rome, none from history or omitted. It is different from the fact that the Assyrian handicraft is connected with the own taste and refinement of Greece and all civil civil steps. Important Roman wooden sculptures that once existed in Greece and other ancient countries are only known to us from the contracts of Pausanias and other classical scriptures. Many examples of the wooden pictures of the gods have been preserved until the late historical period. The palladium or the holy figure of Pallas, which was made by the Vestals in Rome and was maintained by Aeneas from the burning Troy, was one of these wooden figures.

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